I’m studying for my Law class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?
1. A jury consult is an individual or group of people that help an attorney in the selection process of a jury. They can range from a psychologist to any other type of expert that can help in picking the best group of people out that could potentially help the attorney win the court case. Jury consultants have become heavily relied upon. They are there to help an attorney not just pick “someone who us unbiased and fair, but rather, someone who is predisposed to be sympathetic to that attorney’s case” (Pollock, 260). This means that they are more favorable and can relate to the situation that will be tried in the courtroom. The type pf people picked for the jury by the consultants depend on the type of case at hand. Consultants, along with the above, also help attorney’s by preparing witnesses, doing mock trials, telling people how to act and speak in court. This part of the job can be met with criticism by others. Juries are supposed to be selected more at random than at how favorable they could potentially be in a case. Preparing a witness could be seen as the consultant telling the witness facts of the case and how to think about what is at hand during the trial. This can also be seen in mock trials as well, as they are prepping them with how the court case should go. Telling them how to act and speak in court can be met with criticism as the consultant can be viewed as giving them direction on what to say, do, and vote at the end of the hearing.
The Saint Leo University core value of responsible stewardship can be used with jury consultants. They have the responsibility of picking out the best people possible to help an attorney potentially win in various types of court cases given to them. It can be a hard process that requires a lot of responsibility, resources, and tactics on their part to develop a good outcome in a jury.
2. The Brady Motion as is defined is a request for evidence disclosing any material witness that may be favorable to the defense. This information is relevant and the defense is entitled to receive. This material includes not only evidence which that tends to exculpate the accused, but also evidence that may impeach the credibility of a government witness.
The Brady term evolved from a U.S. Supreme Court case (Brady v. Maryland), in 1963. This case set the precedence of a Supreme Court rule stating suppression by the prosecution team of any evidence favorable to a defendant which he or she has requested it violates due process.
Brady disclosure consists of exculpatory or impeachinginformation and evidence that is material to the guilt or innocence or to the punishment of a defendant. Following Brady, the prosecutor must disclose evidence or information that would prove the innocence of the defendant or would enable the defense to more effectively impeach the credibility of government witnesses. Evidence that would serve to reduce the defendant’s sentence must also be disclosed by the prosecution. In practice this doctrine has often proved difficult to enforce. Some states have established their own laws to try to strengthen enforcement against prosecutorial misconduct in this area.
Due to the indiscretion of the prosecuted the court testimony read as follows. “We now hold that the suppression by the prosecution of evidence favorable to an accused upon request violates due process where the evidence is material either to guilt or to punishment, irrespective of the good faith or bad faith of the prosecution”.
For this discussion, I will find fitting Integrity as is defined in our Saint Leo University core values. Has “Integrity is the commitment to excellence demands that its members live its mission and deliver on its promise.
I believe this applies to not only the persecution team consisting of law enforcement officials and prosecuting attorneys but, also to the defense team. Both should display professional bearing at all times. Both teams should be setting an example maintaining integrity, ethics, and respecting citizens’ rights in the community they serve. They should always exhibit high moral, and Integritybased on mutual trust and respect to create a socially responsible environment.
3. Burglaries are a crime of opportunity and most burglaries can be prevented. Simple methods such as the habit of locking your car doors, keeping valuables out of sight, and parking in a well-lit area will help prevent burglaries of vehicles. The Pasco Sheriff’s Office initiated a 9:00 PM routine of reminding citizens via Facebook and Twitter to check their car doors every night at 9:00 PM. The use of social media is a valuable and free way to communicate with citizens and provide prevention tips. The use of message boards are also strategically placed to remind citizens to lock their doors and report suspicious activity.
In 2018 there were 2,915 reports that included burglary. 105 of the burglaries reported where burglary was the only crime being reported was auto burglaries. Only 19% of those cases resulted in an arrest. As of today (July 25, 2019) there has been 1,456 reports where burglary was included in the list of crimes. There has been 45 reports of auto burglary where burglary was the only reported crime and 33% of those cases resulted in arrests. The decrease can be contributed to the Pasco Sheriff’s Office implementation of Intelligence Lead Policing (ILP).
Part of the ILP philosophy includes the use of analysts to detect patterns, trends and sprees. Once a burglary spree is identified, information threads are started, specialty teams such as STAR (Strategic Targeted Area Response), patrol, and detectives are notified and given directions to respond, investigate, and prevent further burglaries.
The STAR team is responsible for STAR boxes which are area identified as hot spots for crime. The STAR Boxes cover approximately seven to ten square miles and account for 50% of the Big 4 crimes. The Big 4 crimes include burglary of a business, auto burglary, residential burglary and vehicle theft. While these are not the only crimes of focus in these areas, the Big 4 crimes help determine the location of the STAR Boxes.
The ILP philosophy says that 6% of the criminals commit 60% of the crimes. The focus on these criminals, also known as prolific offenders, are also the focus of the STAR team and patrol. Surveillance, prolific offender checks, and the fact these criminals know they are on our radar helps prevent further crimes.
While these are only some of the tools used by the Pasco Sheriff’s Office to combat burglaries, awareness and help from the community is needed to keep people and their property safe. Please be aware of your surroundings, lock your doors and windows, and be vigilant. Law enforcement cannot do it without your help.
4. The large police agencies in my region only consist of one large one that resides in savannah Georgia. The other small cities in the south east on have small police offices owned by the city. There is also the GBI that handle more serious crimes. The city of Savannah has a robbery unit that handles their robbery crime in their area. They also have a property, cold case, forensics financial and special victims’ units.
The Savannah robbery has 2 sergeants that handle the start of the crime as they are the ones that get the report and direct the officers on what needs to be done and the next steps to take. This may happen on case by case standards that needed to be handled appropriately. There are 11 detectives in the unit that are assigned the cases and handle the foot work in the investigations part (Grant, 2019). They are the ones that does the foot work and ask questions to find out what happened in the robbery crime. They also handle the interviews and interrogations. These detectives also handle the search and seizure for the law enforcement and the warrants as well.
The report on the on the statistic in savannah does not have an estimate on the number of robbery crimes that’s have been committed in the past years or year. The total crime is estimated at 4,169 and is said to be on the rise (“Savannah, GA Crime Rates & Crime Map”, 2019). This is based on the reports that have been reported as it said its on the rise.
The robbery unit has people in the neighborhood that help with police investigations. Theses people are informants that are used to inform the officers on what they know and what they have heard from the street. Some informants work close with investigators to pin point location and help pick them out in a line up if they were in the direct location of the person that have committed the crime.
5. A reason a person might commit a crime is their environment or home environment. Working around delinquent juvenile offenders, and seeing their background they all come from similar backgrounds or environments. Like one parent households, and the parent has a lot of kids its hard to take up time with each individual child so they lack. Another reason is not being economically stable so your more vulnerable to still money from your job, person close to you, or robbing someone. A reason a person would choose not to commit a crime could definitely be their environment also because if your stable at home meaning financially, and also you come from a loving home I believe your less likely to commit a crime.
One example of how society controls undesired behaviors are intervention programs in our schools. I know in Florida they have mentor, and tutor programs to help at risk youth. At risk youth meaning youth that has gotten in trouble with the law before or has things going on at home where Department of Children and Families were involved. The strengths of this behavior is it can kind of help some kids to the extent of committing a crime, but I don’t think it is 100% way to prevent crimes within our youth because it really starts at home. Also another example is a theory known as behaviorism which is basically learning from your mistakes like if you commit a crime you are not suppose to do it again because now you know the consequences. (wikispaces.psu.edu) The third example I would say is religion a lot of people believe in some type of religion so I this keeps a majority of people from committing crimes because of their religion they believe in. The weakness with this is most people are forced into religions when they are younger, and as they get older they rebel, and do bad stuff to punish their parents.
An affirmative defenses is a justification for the defendant having committed the accused crime.
Necessity – Which means that the defendant thought the criminal act was justified. They thought that they were in harms way, and basically had to protect themselves. Meaning that the defense is that it was necessary given all of my options this was the only act I could commit.
Entrapment – Basically like a set up by officers, or higher officials sometimes they make the defenders do this act because they don’t like this certain race or just to make someone suffer. They get the defendants to do things they would not do by themselves.
Self Defense – Meaning the use of force to protect yourself because you have been put into harms way or a threat. Protecting yourself from a crime being done against you.
Intoxication – the committed the crimes because they were under the influence of a drug or alcohol. The defendant could say that they had been drugged.
Insanity – The defendant was not in their right mind at the time of the crime, they blanked out, and really don’t know what happened. This could be people who take medicines for mentally challenged conditions.
6. There are many motives for committing a crime. A man gets home from work and finds his wife with another man. Out of jealousy he kills the man. It could come out of sheer necessity. A mother stealing food in order to feed her hungry child. (Most) people come into this country illegally in order to find a better life for themselves or their families. Some people blame their upbringing for the crimes they commit. Joining a gang, dealing drugs, stealing can be blamed on their surroundings. At the same time, there are plenty of people that grow up in rough neighborhoods that do not commit these crimes and end up becoming law-abiding productive citizens. In the same context, people immigrate to this country legally and make a great life for themselves without having to worry about breaking the law. I think your morale compass is a major reason why people choose not commit crimes. They inherent notion that hurting someone in any way is wrong. Also, the fear of the repercussion if you get caught committing a crime. Part of our justice system is preventative by punishing people that get caught in hopes that it will deter someone from doing the same thing.
One example of how society tries to control unwanted behaviors is preventative. After school programs, D.A.R.E., mentoring, etc. are all examples of trying to get kids to understand that following the rules and not breaking the law is the better option. I think these programs work when combined with good parenting. Another example could be after someone does commit a crime and goes to jail, rehabilitation programs to try to prevent them from committing another crime. Unfortunately, statistics show that there are many repeat offenders in our jail system. I think the best example of society controlling unwanted behaviors is just raising your children to not commit crimes. We do all we can to make sure our kids grow up with the morals that will keep them from acting outside the law. Unfortunately, we can’t be there all the time and we’re not the only one teaching our kids. Peer pressure is a huge cause of anyone acting outside of how they normally would behave themselves. We can just hope that we have taught them everything we can and hope that our lessons will prevent them from misbehaving.
Affirmative or excuse defenses is when the defendant admits to breaking the law, but due to the circumstances, he/she should not have any criminal responsibility. Some examples include duress, insanity, and involuntary intoxication. Duress states that the only reason the person committed the criminal act was because they themselves were threatened with serious bodily injury or death if they did not commit the crime. Insanity is when the defendant states he/she was unaware that of the nature of the crime due to their diseased mind. Involuntary intoxication is when the defendant is drugged or inadvertently ingests medication and the side effects conflict with one another.