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The year is 1916. The Great War (WWI) has been raging for over a year. The United States has remained neutral and stayed out of the conflict. Opinion in the States is sharply divided as to what our role should be in this conflict. Should we stay out of it completely and only offer humanitarian aid to victims of the war? Or should the US join the war? If the US joins the war, who should we support?
First watch this video that describes the state of the United States at the start of World War I. (9:26)
Next, watch this short clip on Woodrow Wilson and how he wanted to make the world safe for Democracy. (1:26)
Lastly, take a look at these three (3) online exhibits that show how poster art was used to sway opinions of the American people either for or against the war.
Think about the different opinions about America’s involvement in World War I, all the different people who have those options, and why. You will choose one position for or against joining the war and one perspective for this assignment.
Your assignment is to create a “propaganda poster” either for or against the US entering WWI. Your poster must be a combination of graphics, photos, or other images that you find from your research and a short slogan or other motivational saying supporting your cause. You must provide a reference on the poster worksheet for each graphic, photo, or other image that you use in your poster unless you created it yourself. There is a list of resources to get your started at the end of this assignment that are also listed in the course shell.
Your “poster” can be on a PowerPoint slide, a Google slide, Google Drawing, a Word doc, a pdf, or other presentation format. Once you have created your poster, it is best to save it to a pdf format. You will also fill out the poster worksheet to explain your poster and list the sources you used in making your poster. Upload both your poster and the poster worksheet through the submit button here in Blackboard.
- Create a poster. Requirements for the poster:
- Clearly convey one of the positions listed below. The United States should:
- Remain neutral and only proving humanitarian aid.
- Join the Allies.
- Join the Central Powers.
- Have at least one statement that advocates for your position.
- e.g. Dogs for neutrality!! Don’t let your masters pull you into this needless war!! Who will defend them when you are gone?
- Include information about who you are and why you are advocating for that position either in an additional statement or in a graphic form.
- Are you an immigrant supporting your home country or your new country?
- Are you a union worker who agrees or disagrees with the union position on the war?
- Are you a concerned US citizen speaking out about US policies or issues of equality?
- This does not have to be based on who you are now.
- Have at least one illustration, photograph, or other graphic that helps convey your position.
- Be easy to read and show some thought about the design. (Don’t just slap images and words on a slide and call it done.)
- Clearly convey one of the positions listed below. The United States should:
- Turn in the poster worksheet, completely filled out. Change the file name to your last name, first name and section number
See the sample poster, Dogs Against War!
A tutorial on how to design a propaganda poster – https://www.slideshare.net/lindou/google-drawing-propaganda-posters
A tutorial on Google Drawing – http://www.lindajdougherty.com/2016/01/googe-drawings-for-poster-creations.html
Need help with PowerPoint? Use this guide here – http://guides.lib.unc.edu/posters/pptwindows2016
- Recognize the major turning points in American history since the Civil War.
- Specify ways that women and minorities have responded to challenges and made contributions to American culture.
- Examine how changes in social and economic conditions and technology can cause corresponding changes in the attitudes of the people and policies of the government.
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in contemporary U.S. history.
- Write clearly and concisely about contemporary U.S. history using proper writing mechanics.
Links for Research and Images
African-Americans in the War
- Eugene Bullard – African American who joined the French Foreign Legion and fought for France
- Harlem Hellfighters – African American unit in France
- Online articles on the Anti-War effort of WWI, including a section on Labor and Socialism
- The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) Anti-War Resolution
- Walter Fuller’s exhibits for the Anti-Preparedness League opposed to the War
- Jingo the Dinosaur – the mascot for the Anti-Preparedness League
Immigrants and Other Social Movements
- Library of Congress Online Resources on Immigration (has information on many different groups who immigrated to America)
- Harvard University Open Collection on Immigration
- Mapping America’s Social Movements – includes experiences for immigrants, African Americans, women, labor movements, and many others.
- WWI and the Suffragettes
Poster Exercise: Should American Enter the Great War? Criteria UnacceptableBelow 60% F Meets Minimum Expectations60-69% D Fair70-79% C Proficient80-89% B Exemplary90-100% A 1. Clearly convey one of the 3 positions.Weight: 20% Did not have or convey a position Insufficiently conveyed a position. Partially conveyed a position. Satisfactorily conveyed a position. Thoroughly and clearly conveyed a position. 2. Have one statement supporting the position and explained it in the write-up.Weight: 20% Did not submit or incompletely wrote a statement on the poster or on the worksheet. Insufficiently supported the position either on the poster and the worksheet. Partially supported the position on the poster and the worksheet. Satisfactorily supported the position on the poster and the worksheet. Thoroughly and coherently supported the position on the poster and the worksheet. 3. Clearly conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and explained on the worksheel. Weight: 20% Did not submit or incompletely conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and/or did not explain or incompletely explained on the worksheet. Insufficiently conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and with the explanation on the worksheet. Partially conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and with the explanation on the worksheet. Satisfactorily conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and with the explanation on the worksheet. Thoroughly and clearly conveyed the point of view with at least one graphic on the poster and with the explanation on the worksheet. 4. Well thought-out design and easily readable. Weight: 20% Is not well thought-out and/or not readable. Contains numerous problems such as fonts too big/small, spacing issues, distorted graphics, etc. Insufficiently thought out design and contains many issues such as fonts too big/small, spacing issues, distorted graphics, etc. Partially thought out design and contains some issues such as fonts too big/small, spacing issues, distorted graphics, etc. Satisfactorily thought out design and contains 1-2 issues such as fonts too big/small, spacing issues, distorted graphics, etc. Thoroughly and effectively thought out design and contains no issues such as fonts too big/small, spacing issues, distorted graphics, etc. 5. Provided at least one reference for the poster in addition to the provided references and provided a reference for each graphic/photo or other illustration used if it was not an original creation. Weight: 20% No references provided Does not meet the required number of references. Does not meet the required number of references; some references poor quality choices. Meets minimum number of required references. Meets at least the minimum number of required references; all references high quality choices.